# How to Measure and Calculate for Flooring (Carpet or Hard-Surface)

The Formulas for calculating flooring are simple, but if you don’t use them often, they are easy to forget… Here are the formulas for Square Feet and Square Yards (hard-surface products are usually measured in sq/ft (square feet) and soft-surface are usually measured in sq/yds (square-yards))
So Carpet, Linoleum or Vinyl would probably need a sq/yd measurement.

First you need to calculate Sq/Ft (square-feet)- The formula is:
Length X Width = Sq/Ft
So, if you have a room that is 12 ft by 12 ft:
12X12=144 sq/ft

Now that you have calculated Sq/Ft all you have to remember is that there are 9 sq/ft in 1 sq/yd. So, to calculate your square-yardage you simply divide by 9
12X12=144 sq/ft — 144 sq/ft divided by 9=16 sq/yds (square yards)
The formula looks like this
12X12/9=16 sq/yds

That is the easy part. When you calculate for flooring you must remember 2 things:
1. Always measure to the widest part of the room (including doorways, up to the middle of where the door shuts), and over any steps or rises.
2. Always add 6%(for one room) to 10% (for entire home) for waste factor. Most clients are surprised to learn that they must pay for a percentage of waste, but this is normal for the flooring industry. (I will explain why when I have more time)

Now that you have your room(s) measured. Your formula should be like this:
12×12/9+6%
Here is the break-down:
12×12=144 sq/ft
144/9=16 sq/yds
16+6%=16.96 Sq/Yds Carpet needed for this room.
(you can round up to 17 Sq/Yds)

—It is always better to have a little Flooring left over, than to come up 6 inches short and not be able to finish the Installation—

I am out of time for now, so I will continue with this lesson a little later.

Charles Beason

Flooring Consultant/ Estimator, Bi-vocational Pastor of Oasis Missionary Baptist Church, Internet Business Owner, Webmaster.

Posted on March 11, 2008, in Area Rugs, Flooring and Home Design, Q&A, Info, Tips. Bookmark the permalink. 5 Comments.

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